Instruction for authors
Instruction for the authors are fully compiled in accordance with the “Uniform Requirements for manuscripts Submitted to biomedical Journals” designed by the International committee of Medical Journal Editors.
The journal is the forum for experience exchange in such fields as surgery, cardiac surgery, traumatology-orthopedics, neurosurgery, oncology, urology, anesthesiology and intensive care, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, dentistry, transfusiology. Full-size original articles, reviews, lectures, short reports, recommendations for practitioners, description of practical cases, information about scientific forums are accepted for publication.
Submission to the editors of works previously published or accepted for publication in other editions is not allowed.
Preparing the manuscript
The manuscript is presented in the Russian (for foreign authors it is possible to present the material in English).The volume of the full-size original article shouldn’t be less than 0,35 of the unit of 40 000 ens. (14 000 of printing symbols including the blanks between words, punctuation marks, numbers and others); that corresponds to 8 pages of the text, 2 line spacing printed. Brief reports occupy 3 pages, literature reviews – 15 pages.
The manuscript of the article must include the following elements: the title-page, abstract (summary), surname and initials of the author author(s) of the article, its title, introduction, main part, conclusions, the list of the used literature. In the main part of the full-size original article the following sections should be singled out: “Material and methods”, “Results”, “Discussions”. The structure of the main part of other kinds of article is determined by the authors. It is recommended to use subtitles in volume papers to extract the content of separate parts.
The title-page should include: the full title of the article; shortened variant of the title of the article (no more than 40 symbols); keywords (no more than 6); the official name of the establishment where the research was carried out; information about the authors; information about the sources of support in form of grants, equipment, medical preparations; declaration about absence of conflict of interests; information about number of pages, figures and tables; address for correspondence.
The title of the article should be maximally short, informative and to determine precisely the content of the article. Keywords for index compiling are given in accordance with the list of Medical Subject Heading, accepted in Index Medicus. In the information about the authors their names, surnames and middle names are given, scientific degrees and titles, official capacity,affiliation (institution, chair, department). In the address for correspondence one should indicate the mail index and work address, affiliation, telephone numbers, e-mail of the author with whom editorial correspondence should be carried out. Address for correspondence is published together with the article.
The structured summary including sections “Objective”, “Methods”, “Results”, “Conclusion” both in Russian and English (230-250 words) should clearly illustrate the contents of the article and be suitable for publishing in the journal summaries apart from the article itself; it should include keywords, permitting to index the given article. Summaries of other kinds of articles (short reports, reviews, practical cases) are not structured; their volume should be no less than 150 words. Summaries of articles, keywords in Russian and English, information about the authors as well as the article bibliographic lists are located on the journal site and are sent to the electronic informative database for index by the editorial staff.
In the section “Introduction” of the original article a brief overview of the literature on the given problem should be presented; earlier unsolved problems should be specified; the objective of work should be formulated and grounded; and if it is necessary its connection with important scientific and practical tendencies should be indicated. Analysis of the sources used on preparing the scientific article should testify to the author’s knowledge concerning scientific achievements of the corresponding field. References to the works of other authors are obligatory. Besides references to the recent publications, including foreign publications in the give field should be present.
The section “Methods” should include the detailed characteristics of the objects of the investigation, description of the applied methods, equipment, diagnostic and treatment technologies. References should be given concerning the research methodology. In clinical investigations, in which diagnostic and treatment methods don’t correspond the standard procedures, the information about approval by the ethics committee of the establishment where the work was conducted should be presented, corresponding Helsinki Declaration of 1975. It is forbidden to mention in the articles the information letting identify the patient’s personality (to give surnames and initials of patients, the registration number of the patient’s card. The photographs submitted for publication should allow identifying a patient. Authors should inform patients (parents, guardians) about possible publication of the materials, revealing the details of his/her disease and applied methods of diagnostics and treatment, guarantees of confidentiality when publishing them in the print or electronic editions and also about their availability in the Internet after they have been published. When submitting the article to editors, authors should provide the written informed consent of a patient for distributing the information and to point it out in the article.
While describing experiments on animals, the information about correspondence of keeping and use of the experimental animals during investigations to the international, national requirements and requirements of the animals handling of the institution where the research has been conducted is presented in the article.
At the end of the section methods of the statistical analysis are described in details.
The section “Results” should illustrate in details the research content and their results and their results which should be presented using figures and tables as maximal as possible. If necessary the section may be divided into subsections (with explanatory subtitles).
In the section “Discussions” the obtained results should be discussed from the view point of their scientific novelty and compared with the corresponding well-known data.
Conclusions should be formulated distinctly and in the packed manner illustrate the main obtained data with indication of their novelty, advantages and possibilities for application.
One should use only generally accepted symbols and abbreviations in the article. If it is necessary to use abbreviation in the text, it is required to decipher it when mentioned for the first time (it is also referred to the abstract). Abbreviations in the title may be used only when it is absolutely necessary. All values are used in the International System of units (SI). Only international non-patent names of the medicinal substances are used.
The list of references is arranged in according to standard Vancouver style. The titles journals should be abbreviated in conformity with the Index Medicus. List each author’s last name and initials. If the number of authors exceeds six, give the first three followed by “et al.” The samples of the bibliographic references are presented on the journal website. The list of references is typed as a separate section of the manuscript. References are numbered consecutively in the order they are first mentioned. Place each reference number in square parentheses (e.g. , ). In the original articles it is required to quote no more than 15 sources; in literature reviews – no more than 50. To use references to the abstracts of dissertations and dissertations themselves are not permitted as they are considered as the manuscripts. References to theses and articles in limited regional collected papers may be used only in extreme case. The authors are solely responsible for the accuracy and completeness of all references as well as for accuracy of primary sources citation.
To avoid maximally incompleteness and inaccuracy of information in the submitted article references, the editors check obligatorily all these references.
While preparing the text of the article on the computer one should use Microsoft Word or Word Perfect programs. Margin sizes are: from above – 2,5 cm; from below – 2,5 cm; from the left 2 cm; from the right 2 cm. The manuscript is 2 line spacing printed with the marked bold titles and subtitles. All pages starting with the title-page should be successively numbered.
Tables should be printed on the separate sheet of paper, 2 lines spacing, they should contain the title and footnotes (if necessary). The place where the table should be placed in the text is marked with left margin square in which the number of the table is written.
Illustrations, formulas, equations and footnotes used in the article should be numbered according to quote order in the article. It is necessary to indicate on the reverse side of each illustration “top”, number of the picture and the surname of the first author. Thickness of the picture lines should be so that after reduction it makes 0,2 mm. The dimensions of the picture shouldn’t exceed 24×40 cm, though it should be kept in mind that the ultimate horizontal size for simple graphs comprises 6-8 cm. One copy of illustrations should be attached to each copy of the article. Copies of the pictures and photos for the second and third article variants should contain all necessary inscriptions in letters and numbers. There shouldn’t be any abbreviations in the names of tables and figures. Immediately in the tables (in the titles of lines and columns) or in their names one indicates what statistical parameters are given. Inscriptions to the pictures are 2 line spacing printed on the separate sheet of paper. The sheets with inscriptions are not clamped together with the pictures themselves. The picture format can be TIFF, JPEG, CDR; image resolution not less than 300 dpi. Diagrams made in the MS Excel should be presented in XLS format and in the picture view; it permits to carry out their pre-print preparation. Diagrams are made by means of monochrome printing that is why it is preferable to use pattern fill of objects and different characters of lines when drawing them up.
The article should be thoroughly redacted and checked. The manuscript should be countersigned by all authors.It means that all authors take responsibility for the content of publication.
The authors are responsible for the correctness of the data presented in the article.In exceptional cases to assess credibility of the results, the editors may ask for copy of documents, certifying the submitted materials.
Submission of the manuscript
Two manuscripts copies are sent to the editorial office. The text of the article and graphic files should be electronically presented by e-mail or on CD.
The articles are accepted by the editorial staff only when the references of the institutions and visas of supervisors are present. When submitting the manuscripts to the editors, must indicate on the title page the data whether the conflict of interests does or does not exist, to inform the editorial staff about the source of the research support such as grants, equipment, medicinal preparations to guarantee in the covering letter that they haven’t received any rewards from manufacturers of medicinal preparations, medical equipment, materials including the competitors able to affect the research results. Authors should inform about a sponsor and his role in determining the study design, in collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in making the decision to submit the report for publication. If necessary and asked by the editorial staff, authors must provide additional information permitting the editorial staff to assess the impact of sponsors on the process of research. While sending the articles containing the results of the dissertation research, it is necessary to inform the editorial staff about it.
The covering letter (with the signatures of all authors) is attached to the manuscript certifying that the manuscript hasn’t been previously published anywhere and at present is not in the editorial office of any other journal and that the authors present copyrights to the editor in case of publishing the accepted manuscripts. The participation of each author in the article is also indicated in it.The examples of covering documents are given on the journal site. Xerocopies of the author’s certificates, patents, licenses on the efficiency suggestion are obligatory attached to the article. Covering documents may be mailed or scanned and sent by e-mail. The manuscripts not complying with the rules are not accepted by the editor and the authors are informed about it. Correspondence with the authors is carried out only by e-mail.
The procedure of reviewing and publication
The manuscripts of the articles are peer-reviewed by independent experts. Specialists who make peer-reviews are appointed by the editorial board of the journal. The editorial staff is obliged to present these reviews to the authors of manuscripts either by e-mail or in writing without giving the surname of a specialist who made the peer-review. Authors may indicate in the covering letter the names of specialists to whom manuscripts shouldn’t be submitted for peer-reviewing because possible, as a rule, professional conflict of interest. The given information is confidential and is taken into consideration by the editors only when peer-reviewing is arranged. In case of refusal to publish the article the editorial staff sends the author a reasoned refusal.
The editorial staff leaves the right to shorten the published materials and to adapt them to the columns of the journal. The text of the article prepared for publishing with the editorial revisions is sent by e-mail to the authors for approval in PDF format. Copyright changes and confirmation must be received by the editor within 5 days. When the specified period is over, the editor will consider that the authors have approved the text.
Articles are published in the order of their arrival, taking into account the terms of the manuscripts revising by the authors after reviewing. Scientific articles of the final year post-graduates (including articles prepared in co-authorship) are published out of turn if they correspond completely to the requirements of the editorial staff.
The editorial staff doesn’t take charges for publishing of scientific articles even in case of out of turn publication of manuscripts of post-graduates, persons working for doctor’s degree, competitors.Advertisements and articles funded by manufacturers and/or their distributors are not accepted for reviewing.
Authors are sent the electronic copy of the published article in PDF format.
Author’s materials do not necessarily reflect the view point of the editorial board.
With the detailed description of articles of “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” designed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, particularly concerning ethical issues one can get acquainted at the journal Web-site, the original version in English can be found at www.ICMJE.org.